Canada is a sparsely populated nation located in the northern half of North America, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest, tundra, and the Rocky Mountains. About four-fifths of the country’s 36 million people live near the southern border, and roughly the same percentage is urbanized. The majority of Canada has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in the summer. Canada is officially bilingual (English and French) at the federal level and is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, due to large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada has the tenth-highest nominal per capita income globally; and it ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
Canada is religiously diverse, encompassing a wide range of beliefs and customs. The nation has no official church, and its government is officially committed to religious pluralism. Freedom of religion in Canada is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. The practice of religion is now generally considered a private matter throughout society and the state. With Christianity in decline after having once been central and integral to Canadian culture and daily life, Canada has become a post-Christian, secular state. Most Canadians consider religion to be unimportant in their daily lives, but would still hold to a belief in God.